Ghana is a country located in West Africa. It is bordered by Côte d’Ivoire (Ivory Coast) to the west, Burkina Faso to the north, Togo to the east, and the Gulf of Guinea to the south. The word Ghana means “Warrior King” and is derived from the ancient Ghana Empire.
Ghana is a country located on the Gulf of Guinea, only a few degrees north of the Equator, therefore giving it a warm climate. The country spans an area of 238,500 km2 (92,085 sq mi). It is surrounded by Togo to the east, Côte d’Ivoire to the west, Burkina Faso to the north and the Gulf of Guinea (Atlantic Ocean) to the south.
Ghana lies between latitudes 4° and 12°N, and longitudes 4°W and 2°E. The Prime Meridian passes through the country, specifically through the industrial city of Tema. Ghana is geographically closer to the “centre” of the world than any other country even though the notional centre, (0°, 0°) is located in the Atlantic Ocean approximately 614 km (382 mi) south of Accra, Ghana, in the Gulf of Guinea.
GHANA IN BRIEF
(and largest city)
|Akan, Ewe, Dagomba (Dagbani), Dangme, Dagaare, Ga, Nzema, Gonja, Kasem|
|Government||Unitary presidential constitutional republic|
|–||President||John Atta Mills|
|–||Vice-President||John Dramani Mahama|
|–||Speaker of Parliament||Joyce Bamford-Addo|
|–||Chief Justice||Georgina Theodora Wood|
|Independence||from the United Kingdom|
|–||Declared||6 March 1957|
|–||Republic||1 July 1960|
|–||Current Constitution||28 April 1992|
|–||Total||238,535 km2 (81st)
92,098 sq mi
|GDP (PPP)||2012 estimate|
|GDP (nominal)||2012 estimate|
|HDI (2010)||0.541 (medium) (135th)|
|Currency||Ghana cedi (GH₵) (
|Time zone||GMT (UTC0)|
|Drives on the||right|
|ISO 3166 code||GH|